New Delhi: According to statistics, mosquito-borne diseases are prevalent in more than 100 countries. Mosquitoes infect between 300 and 500 million people and cause one million deaths every year around the world.
There are approximately 40 million people suffering from mosquito-borne diseases annually in India alone. In addition to this, there has also been an increase in the number of people affected by swine flu in the country.
What is alarming is the fact that all these diseases have a greater impact on people living with diabetes. It is important that people with existing complications stay safe and take preventive measures to avoid being susceptible to mosquito-borne or swine flu-like illness.
Dr. Sanjay Kalra, the Endocrinologist Consultant at Bharti Karnal Hospital and Vice President of the Asian Federation of Endocrine Societies, said: “Our body’s immune system is the first line of defense against any infection. When a virus, a bacterium or a parasite attacks the body’s immune system goes into action to filter out these germs and stop them before they can cause harm to the body.In people with an underlying disorder like diabetes, the immune system is suppressed and the organs are in an already compromised state. ”
Adding that “mosquito-borne diseases and other diseases like swine flu cause fever and increase metabolic rate. This can lead to fluctuation in blood sugar levels. If people living with diabetes are well supervised, they run the risk of developing serious complications. ”
Bleeding due to low platelet count does not stop at those living with diabetes. This may lead more to hypotension and resulting multi organ failure.
In people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, it is imperative to check the ketones in the urine to see if the acid levels have increased in the body.
In addition, Dr. Kalra said, “With these diseases increasing in the country, it is imperative to regularly monitor any person in the high-risk category. In some cases, the infection can affect vision, cause brain inflammation, Septic shock, or lead to multi-organ failure. ”
“Take precautions, especially if you are in the high-risk category and have conditions like diabetes Stay away from areas that have a higher incidence of mosquitoes and make sure you are well hydrated. Have a fever that lasts longer than 24 hours Depending on the condition, the dose of the medication may need to be changed. ”
These are some precautions that those living with diabetes can take to avoid mosquito-borne diseases or swine flu.
Wear full sleeve clothing every time you go out and be sure to apply mosquito repellent properly.
– Make sure the water does not stagnate in the areas surrounding your home, as this can be an ideal breeding ground for mosquitoes.
– Drink enough water to ensure that it stays hydrated. Those with dengue or other similar diseases should also drink plenty of water. This will ensure that the platelet count does not decrease further and avoid any bleeding complications.
-Don’t self-medicate. If you have an underlying medical condition such as diabetes, consult a doctor immediately in case of a fever that does not settle.happy wheels
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